Kedu iwu China iji kwado mmepe siri ike nke ụlọ ọrụ nbipute na nkwakọ ngwaahịa?

Kedu iwu China iji kwado mmepe siri ike nke ụlọ ọrụ nbipute na nkwakọ ngwaahịa?

Dịka ụlọ ọrụ na-ebi akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ nkwakọ ngwaahịa nwere ikike siri ike ịmịkọrọ ndị ọrụ, ma ogo mmetọ gburugburu ebe obibi pere mpe, gọọmentị mba na nke obodo akwadowo ya nke ọma. N'ime afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, gọọmentị China ewepụtala ọtụtụ iwu nke ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe metụtara ụlọ ọrụ na-ebi akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ nkwakọ ngwaahịa.

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1. “Nkwupụta banyere Mmejuputa Akwụkwọ Mbipụta Green”

N'ọnwa Ọktọba 2011, onye bụbu General Administration of Press and Publication na Mịnịstrị nke Gburugburu Ebe nchekwa nyere "Nkwupụta na Mmejuputa Akwụkwọ Mbipụta Green" wee kpebie ijikọ ọnụ iji bipụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ. Akụkụ nke mmejuputa ya gụnyere ngwa nrụpụta obibi, akụrụngwa na ihe inyeaka, usoro mmepụta na mbipụta, Nkwakọ ngwaahịa na ịchọ mma na okwu ndị ọzọ edepụtara, metụtara usoro mmepụta niile nke ngwaahịa ndị e biri ebi.

Na mgbakwunye, anyị ga-ewulite akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ obibi akwụkwọ na ụlọ ọrụ na-ebi akwụkwọ, na-aga n'ihu na -emepụta ma na-ebipụta ụkpụrụ mbipụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, ma jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ na-akwalite mbipụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na ngalaba nke ụgwọ, tiketi, nri na nkwakọ ngwaahịa ọgwụ, wdg; guzobe ụlọ ọrụ na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ ma wepụta usoro nkwado dị mkpa maka ibi akwụkwọ akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ.

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2. “Ntuziaka ntuziaka nke Green Enterprise (Trial)”

Iji kwalite owuwu nke nchekwa na nchekwa gburugburu ebe obibi, na-eduzi ma na-akwalite ụlọ ọrụ iji rụzuo ọrụ nchekwa gburugburu ebe obibi ha, guzobe usoro ntinye akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, ma nweta mmepe akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, obere carbon na okirikiri, December 22, 2014 , Mịnịstrị nke Azụmaahịa, onye bụbu Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministri nke Azụmaahịa na Ozi teknụzụ jikotara aka wepụta "Ntuziaka Ntuziaka Green Procurement (Trial)", nke chọrọ:

Gbaa ulo oru ume ka ha meziwanye usoro ahia ha, tinye aka na mmepe ngwaahịa na usoro imepụta ya, ma duzie ndị na-eweta ngwaahịa iji belata oriri nke akụrụngwa na ngwugwu nkwakọ ngwaahịa site na nyocha uru na ụzọ ndị ọzọ, ma jiri ihe ndị ọzọ metụtara gburugburu ebe obibi dochie ha. ma ọ bụ belata mmetọ gburugburu ebe obibi;

Gbaa ụlọ ọrụ ume ka ndị na-ebubata ngwaahịa nye ngwaahịa ma ọ bụ akụrụngwa iji mezuo ihe nkwakọ ngwaahịa akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, ka ha ghara iji ihe ndị na-egbu egbu ma ọ bụ ndị na-emerụ ahụ dị ka ihe nkwakọ ngwaahịa, iji ihe nkwakọ ngwaahịa recyclable, degradable ma ọ bụ na-adịghị emerụ ahụ, zere oke nkwakọ ngwaahịa, ma zute n'okpuru ogige nke ọchịchọ, belata ihe oriri nke nkwakọ ngwaahịa;

Ndị na-azụ ahịa na ndị na-ebubata ngwaahịa nwere ike ịkwalite oriri na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ na ọha mmadụ niile site na iguzogide nkwakọ ngwaahịa buru ibu, na-eduzi ndị na-eri ihe iji kere òkè na oriri na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ, na ibelata ojiji nke ngwaahịa ndị nwere mkpofu na akpa ịzụ ahịa plastik;

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Ulo oru ekwesighi izu ahia ndi n’enweghi ike iru nke ndi ochichi ruru eru iji gbochie nkwakọ ngwaahịa na ịkwalite imeghari.

Ikpe ikpe site na ihe dị mkpa dị mkpa nke ntuziaka a, ngwaahịa na ọrụ obibi akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-egbo mkpa nke ị nweta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, nke ga-eweta ohere ọhụụ maka mmepe n'ọdịnihu nke ụlọ ọrụ na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na ndị na-emepụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na mba m. Mgbanwe Green ga-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa n'ịkwalite.

3. “Mere na China 2025 ″

Na Mee 2015, Council Council nyere atụmatụ atụmatụ “Mere na China 2025 ″. "Emebere na China 2025 ″ bụ atụmatụ atụmatụ mba iji wusie ike nrụpụta dị elu, ọ bụkwa afọ iri nke mbụ n'ime usoro" afọ atọ "nke iwulite China dịka ike nrụpụta.

Usoro ihe omume a na-atụ aro iji mee ka mgbanwe nke ahịhịa ndụ na mmelite nke ụlọ ọrụ na-emepụta ngwa ngwa, na-akwalite mgbanwe mgbanwe nke ọrụ mmepụta ihe ọdịnala dịka nchara, ọla ndị na-abụghị ferrous, kemịkalụ, akụrụngwa ụlọ, ụlọ ọrụ ọkụ, obibi akwụkwọ na agba, na-etolite ma na-akwalite akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ teknụzụ na akụrụngwa, ma chọpụta mmepụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ; mee ngwangwa nkwalite nke ọgbọ ọhụụ nke teknụzụ ozi na nrụpụta teknụzụ teknụzụ na mmepe, yana imepụta ihe nwere ọgụgụ isi dị ka isi nduzi nke njikọ miri emi nke ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe na ịkọwapụta ozi.

Ọ dị mkpa ilekwasị anya na mmepe nke akụrụngwa nwere ọgụgụ isi na ngwaahịa ndị nwere ọgụgụ isi, na-akwalite ọgụgụ isi nke usoro mmepụta, na-azụlite usoro mmepụta ọhụụ, ma na-emezigharị usoro ọgụgụ isi nke nyocha na mmepe, mmepụta, njikwa na ọrụ. N'ọdịnihu, na-aga n'ihu na-ewu ewu nke smart n'ichepụta, smart nkwakọ na-ebi akwụkwọ ga-abụ ọdịnihu mmepe direction nke ụlọ ọrụ.

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4. "Rịba ama na Atụmatụ Organic Compounds Mbelata Atụmatụ maka Key Industries"

Na July 2016, Ministri nke Azụmaahịa na Teknụzụ Ozi na Mịnịstrị na-ahụ maka Ego jikọtara ọnụ "Nkọwa nke Atụmatụ Mbelata Organic Compound Compound for Key Industries." Dika ebumnuche ebumnuche nke atụmatụ ahụ, site na 2018, ihe ọkụkụ VOC nke mpaghara ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe ga-ebelata site na 3.3 nde tọn ma e jiri ya tụnyere 2015.

"Atụmatụ" ahọpụtara ụlọ ọrụ 11 gụnyere inks, adhesives, packing and printing, petrochemicals, coatings, wdg, dị ka ụlọ ọrụ ndị isi iji mee ka Mbelata VOC dị ngwa ma melite ogo nke imepụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ.

“Atụmatụ” ahụ kwuru n’ụzọ doro anya na ụlọ ọrụ nkwakọ ngwaahịa na mbipụta akwụkwọ kwesịrị itinye usoro ọrụ mgbanwe usoro teknụzụ, ma kwalite ngwa nke obere inks (no) VOCs green inks, varnishes, ihe ngwọta mmiri, ndị na-ehicha ihe, nrapado, ndị dị mkpa na ndị ọzọ na ihe enyemaka na ihe inyeaka. ; Gbaa ojiji nke flexographic ebi akwụkwọ technology na ihe mgbaze-free mejupụtara technology, na nke nta nke nta belata gravure-ebi akwụkwọ technology na akọrọ mejupụtara technology.

5. "Nduzi Echiche maka celegbalite Ngbanwe na Mmepe nke Mmepụta Nkwakọ ngwaahịa nke mba m"

Na December 2016, na “Nduzi Echiche na Accelerating mgbanwe na Development nke China nkwakọ Mmeputa” nyere site Ministry of Industry na Ozi Technology na Ministry of Commerce chọrọ: n'ọnọdu nkwakọ dị ka a ọrụ na-agbakwasara n'ichepụta ụlọ ọrụ; na-elekwasị anya na akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ nkwakọ ngwaahịa, mma nkwakọ, smart nkwakọ, na ọkọlọtọ nkwakọ, Iwuli ihe ulo oru technology ọhụrụ usoro; iji hụ na ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-ekwusi ike na-eto eto ọsọ ọsọ ka ọ na-akwalite ikike mmepe agglomeration yana ikike ịkọ ihe; dịkwuo R & D ulo oru mbo aka wetara onwe ha itunanya ike na mba asọmpi na isi teknụzụ; melite ụlọ ọrụ ozi gbasara ozi, akpaaka na ọgụgụ isi 化.

N'otu oge ahụ, ọ dị mkpa iji kpochapụ nnukwu oriri na ike dị elu nke ụlọ ọrụ nkwakọ ngwaahịa, guzobe ma mepụta usoro mmepụta akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ; duru ichikota isi ikike nke teknụzụ nkwakọ-agha ndị nkịtị, ma melite ọkwa nkwado nkwakọ ngwaahịa maka ọrụ ndị agha dị iche iche; ebuli usoro ihe eji eme ihe na ulo oru, ma na-ebughari site na ikwuputa ihe ndi ozo Nhazi nke onodu ihe eji eme ihe na-eme ka nhazi oru di elu na onu ahia mba di iche iche.

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6. "China Packaging Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)"

Na Disemba 2016, “China Packaging Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)” nke China Packaging Federation nyere wepụtara ọrụ dị mkpa nke iwulite ikike nkwakọ ngwaahịa, na-ekwusi ike na ihe ọhụrụ nwere onwe ha, na-agbasa teknụzụ ndị bụ isi, yana oke na-akwalite nkwakọ ngwaahịa akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, nkwakọ ngwaahịa dị mma, na nkwakọ ngwaahịa mara mma. The Integrated mmepe nke nkwakọ n'ụzọ dị irè enhances keukwu keisompi na isi ebe nke nkwakọ ngwaahịa, nkwakọ akụrụngwa, na nkwakọ ngwaahịa na-ebi akwụkwọ.

7. "Atụmatụ mmepe maka ụlọ ọrụ na-ebi akwụkwọ na oge nke iri na atọ atụmatụ afọ ise"

N’ọnwa Eprel 2017, “Atụmatụ mmepe nke iri na ise maka ụlọ ọrụ nbipụta akwụkwọ” nke Gọọmentị Steeti, Mgbasa Ọha, Redio, Ihe Nkiri na Telivishọn kwuru na n’ime oge “Atọ nke Iri na Atọ Nke Afọ Ise”, ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ibipụta mba m. ụlọ ọrụ ga-ihu ọma-agakọ na mmepe nke mba aku na uba, ọbọ na-aga n'ihu mgbasa. Na ngwụcha nke “13 Afọ ise atụmatụ”, ngụkọta mmepụta nke ụlọ ọrụ na-ebi akwụkwọ gafere puku ijeri 1.4, na-agbago n’etiti ndị kachasị elu n’ụwa.

Digital obibi, nkwakọ ebi akwụkwọ, ọhụrụ obibi akwụkwọ na ndị ọzọ na ubi nọgidere na-enwe ngwa ngwa mmepe, na olu nke-ebi akwụkwọ mba ọzọ nhazi ahia a na-eto eto nwayọọ nwayọọ; na-akwalite mgbanwe nke mbipụta nkwakọ ngwaahịa na imepụta okike, ahaziri ahaziri nke ọma, yana ngwa nchekwa gburugburu ebe obibi, yana ịkwado usoro obibi akwụkwọ dịka mbipụta bietụ, akwụkwọ ngebichi, na mbipụta akwụkwọ flexo. A na-ejikọ ma mepụta teknụzụ dijitalụ. Amụma mba nke ụlọ ọrụ na -echi akwụkwọ na ebe obibi akwụkwọ na-enye nkwado siri ike maka mmepe ụlọ ọrụ ahụ.

8. "Nhazi nke National Cultural Development na Reform Plan n'oge nke 13 afọ ise Atụmatụ"

Na Mee 2017, Council Council nyere ma mejuputa "Nkọwapụta nke Ọdịbendị Ọdịbendị na Ndozigharị Mba n'oge 13th Afọ Iri Atọ Atụmatụ", nke gosipụtara n'ụzọ doro anya echiche nduzi na mkpokọta chọrọ maka mmepe omenala n'oge 13th Afọ ise Oge atụmatụ. Ihe ndepụta a na-atụ aro iji kwalite mgbanwe na nkwalite nke ọrụ ọdịnala dịka mbipụta na nkesa, ihe nkiri na mmepụta telivishọn, nkà na nka, mbipụta na mbiputegharị, ọrụ mgbasa ozi, ntụrụndụ ọdịnala, ma kwado mmepe nke mbipụta dijitalụ na mbipụta nano.

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9. "Green Packaging Evaluation Usoro na ntuziaka"

Na Mee 2019, Nchịkwa Steeti maka Iwu Ahịa wepụtara "Usoro nyocha na ntuziaka nkwakọ ngwaahịa Green," nke kwupụtara njirisi nyocha nkwakọba akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, ụzọ nyocha, ọdịnaya na usoro nke akụkọ nyocha maka ihe chọrọ nke obere carbon, nchekwa nchekwa, gburugburu ebe obibi. nchebe na nchekwa nke ngwaahịa nkwakọ ngwaahịa. Ma kọwaa nkọwa nke "nkwakọ ngwaahịa akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ": na ndụ zuru oke nke ngwaahịa nkwakọ ngwaahịa, n'okpuru nkwado nke imezu ihe achọrọ nke ọrụ nkwakọ ngwaahịa, nkwakọ ngwaahịa nke na-adịghị emerụ ahụ ike na ahụike mmadụ na gburugburu ebe obibi, ma na-eri obere akụrụngwa na ume.

The "Green Packaging Evaluation Method and Guidelines" na-ekwupụta isi teknụzụ chọrọ maka nkwakọ ngwaahịa nkwakọ ngwaahịa sitere n'akụkụ anọ: njirimara akụ, njirimara ike, njirimara gburugburu ebe obibi na ngwaahịa.

SmartFortune na-ebi akwụkwọ nkwakọ ngwaahịa anọwo na ụlọ ọrụ a (Hazie akwụkwọ mbipụta, hazie igbe onyinye akwụkwọ, hazie akpa akwụkwọ onyinye) maka ihe karịrị afọ 25, nabata ịrụ ọrụ na ụlọ ọrụ anyị maka ịchekwa ego gị.

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Post oge: Jan-04-2021